Off-grid Solutions Project

Kenya flag Kenya Activity Report

October,2018 - September,2021

Aid to Bring Electricity and Improve Life for the Maasai

Activity Overview

Enkutoto District, Narok County

Near the border of Tanzania, there is a village where 3,700 Maasai live. There is no industry in this region. The only resource is farming cattle and goats. Daily expenses per family average $2.5. The majority of households are below the poverty line. The nomadic Maasai are recently beginning to live in settled areas, but their lifestyles still depend on their traditional pasturing and small-scale agriculture. In part due to the effects of climate change, they find it difficult to escape from poverty. Only 36% of Kenyans have access to electricity, and only 12% in rural villages. This village is one without access to electricity.

Map of Kenya's Enkutoto district: Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Enkutoto district, Nairobi, Somalia, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania

Main activities

Giving support and training local citizens as human resources via developmental learning

Training human resources to handle operation, maintenance and servicing of the photovoltaic systems.

Increasing understanding of the use of electricity.

Using lighting in the primary school to boost the number of children going on to higher education.

Donation of photovoltaic and energy storage systems

Supplying sufficient electricity to schools, clinics, and households.

  • Photovoltaic and Energy Storage Systems
  • Eneloop solar storage systems
  • Solar storage
  • Solar pump system

Helping improve incomes (the economy) and sanitation

Growing fruits and vegetables and raising chickens to improve income.

The harvested vegetables, fruit, and eggs help to improve the health of the children.

The electricity is used for giving treatment at night at the health center and refrigerating vaccines.

Using lighting in homes to lower health risks due to use of kerosene lamps.

Target regions :

Enkutoto District, Elang'ata Enterit, Osupuko, Narok South Constituency, Narok County, The Republic of Kenya

Implementation period :

2 years (scheduled for October 2018 to September 2020)

Partner organizations

An international NGO engaged in development aid, emergency humanitarian aid, and advocacy (lobbying civil society and the government), based on Christian principles. It was founded by Bob Pierce, an American Christian missionary. He established World Vision in Oregon, US, in September 1950. Currently, it is active in about 100 countries worldwide, aiming at a world where all children can grow up healthy and strong, regardless of their religion, race, ethnicity, or gender.

What they want is electricity to power their dreams.

A village of the Maasai people located five hours away by car from the capital, Nairobi. They live by livestock grazing and small-scale farming, with very small cash incomes. Due to the impact of policies to induce them to settle and land policies to protect the environment, the amount of pasturage is limited, so they need to find new industries. More children are going to school, and those involved with education are hoping to get lighting in the schools. As their lives slowly undergo transition now that they are living in one place and their society has changed, they need electricity in many aspects of daily life.

Maasai houses are made by allowing mud and dung to harden on a frame of wooden boards. There are no windows to let in light, so they are very dark inside.
Kerosene lamps are used inside the houses. If they use electrical lighting run from solar lanterns, they can lessen the health damage due to kerosene and enjoy economic benefits due to not having to buy the fuel.
There is only one clinic in the district. Since electricity for refrigerators is not available, nurses go to bring vaccines from a town around 50 kilometers away. The vaccines can only keep for a day or two.
The village has a kiosk where the villagers can buy food and assorted goods with the minimal cash income gained by selling livestock (cows, goats, etc.).
Ilkimate Primary School has a total of around 250 students. Very few of them advance to high school or university.
A classroom without light. Introducing supplementary lessons in the mornings and nights made possible with lighting may help boost the number of students going on to higher education.

There are many ideas for local industries

"I want to grow vegetables and fruit with water from the creek using an electric pump." "I'd like to raise chickens efficiently using incubators." Many of the villagers are saying how they hope to raise their incomes by using electricity. There are hopes for models to be made for local industry involving the residents.

They hope to use the creek in the school grounds to pump water into tanks, to make fields on the lower side to grow produce on. (Under consideration for the crops are tomatoes and beans)
They plan to place the Photovoltaic and Energy Storage Systems next to the tank (left photo).
If they can use incubators, the chicken farming productivity will increase, helping to improve incomes by selling more eggs.
The cultivated vegetables, fruit, and eggs will be sold in the store, or provided as meals to children lacking in nutrition, helping to improve their health.

Activity Results

Harvesting vegetables and school lunch services have become possible through the use of a solar-powered water pump.

The village of Enkutoto, where Maasai live, has no access to electricity. Since October 2018, Panasonic has assisted the village by supplying electricity in partnership with World Vision Japan.

Based on the activity plan, the community has been supported to start farming on the school premises by using a solor-powered water pump, and that contributed to harvesting tomatoes.The community were able to make profits by selling the yield, and the school managed to start daily lunch services by using the profit. 


Two photovoltaic and energy storage systems, One solar-powered water pump, 150 solar lanterns, Seven solar storage units


School:Cultivation and sale of agricultural products/Early morning/evening supplementary and literacy classes,Clinic:Chicken farming/Medical care services in the evening,Raising awareness of electricity use

(activity results)

Harvested tomatoes: About 2.8 t/Sales proceeds: About JPY200,000
Start of school lunch services,Provision of two-hour early morning/evening supplementary classes for children five days a week
First place in the standardized test conducted at eight neighborhood schools, Start of an evening literacy class for adults, Start of farming 500 chickens, Start of evening medical care services by using lighting, 27 cases in 2018 -> 83 cases in 2019, Increasing the number of vaccine doses by installing a refrigerator (2018: 199 bottles → 2019: 428 bottles)

Future activities to create more social impacts

From now on, we will develop maintenance technicians capable of examining equipment malfunctions, carrying out repairs as necessary, and analyzing the causes of the problems. If community residents acquire such skills, then they will be able to minimize repair charges paid to electrical contractors.

We will contribute to the sustainable development of communities by establishing an independent electrical equipment maintenance system for residents.

[Continued] Improvement of living standards through electrification:01 Continuation of school lunch services by growing vegetables and making a profit by selling them 02 Continuation of early morning/evening supplementary and literacy classes 03 Improvement in children's nutrition through full-fledged promotion of chicken farming and increase in income by selling eggs
[New] Development of technical personnel capable of maintaining electrical equipment:01 Select about ten village residents to participate in a training program on electricity in a neighborhood vocational school (for approx. six months).